What is the Fallen?
On the 21st September 2013 it is International Peace Day. We are making an event called ‘The Fallen’ on the D-Day landing beach of Arromanches in northern France that illustrates what happens with the absence of peace. It was on the 6th June 1944 that a total of 9,000 civilians, German forces and Allies lost their lives.
Our challenge is to represent those lives lost between the times of the tide with a stark visual representation using stencilled sand drawings of people on the beach. Each silhouette represents a life and when it is washed away its loss. There is no distinction between nationalities, they will only be known as ‘The Fallen’.
The Fallen is supported by Peace One Day. Peace One Day campaign for global peace and established International Peace day as a day of truce where people on a global and community level try and make peace with each other. As a result since 2007 4.5 million children were immunised against polio as all conflicting parties agreed a day of truce. The Fallen project is a sobering reminder of what happens when peace is not present.
For the day we need between 200 and 900 volunteers. The Fallen will bring together people from all nationalities, backgrounds and ages. We will make a piece of art in harmony as a reflection of a peaceful world in which we would like to live. Each individual will work in a team to make a person using a stencil and by raking the sand. For more information and to take part in this incredible day please view our TAKE PART section.
How Many Died on D-Day?
The terrible truth is that the exact figure will never be known due to the horrendous carnage that is often termed the ‘fog’ of war. 9000 is a rounded down to the nearest thousand and is most likely a conservative number based on 3000 French civilians, 2000 German Forces and 4414 Allies.
It is a sobering thought that over the 5 year period of the Second World War the average number of people who died per day was probably over 3 times the D-Day total. (Based on a conservative total of 50 million fatalities the average per day during the duration of the war was 28,000) This number of deaths make World War II the deadliest conflict in human history and a fitting focal point to illustrate what can happen in the absence of Peace.
See below for statistical references and notes.
What is Sand Drawing
Sand Drawings are huge two dimensional images that are done one the wet beach when the tide goes out simply by raking the sand. In general this gives us around 6 hours to make a sand drawing and our largest so far was 800 meters long. The Fallen will most likely be over a kilometre.
In the past we have made many images to be viewed from the sky and 3D anamorphic images to be viewed from a pier or a cliff which is when you stretch an image in perspective. Our most challenging sand drawing yet was an animated sand drawing made with Aardman animation (Wallace and Gromit) called Gulp that became the worlds largest animation.
Who is Sandinyoureye
Formed in 2004, Sand in Your Eye, initially specialised in the making of sand sculptures. Since that time the company has also began to produce ice sculptures in the winter season and developed the technique of making gigantic ephemeral images by drawing in sand. In 2010, Sand in Your Eye made the largest beach sand drawing in the world for Island Records which was over ½ a mile long. The company has also had commissions from Ford, Mars, Disney Sky Sports, London Zoo, The National Railway Museum and variety of festivals and city councils and is regularly in the news and on the radio and television.
Peace One Day
About Peace One Day
Jeremy Gilley is an actor turned filmmaker, who in the late 1990s became preoccupied with questions about the fundamental nature of humanity and the issue of peace. He decided to explore these through the medium of film, and specifically, to create a documentary following his campaign to establish an annual day of ceasefire and non-violence.
In 1999, Jeremy founded Peace One Day, a non-profit organisation, and in 2001 Peace One Day’s efforts were rewarded when the member states of the United Nations unanimously adopted the first ever annual day of global ceasefire and non-violence on 21 September – Peace Day.
Peace One Day’s objective is to institutionalise Peace Day 21 September, making it a day that is self-sustaining, an annual day of global unity, a day of intercultural cooperation on a scale that humanity has never known.
Inspired by a 70% recorded reduction in violent incidents on Peace Day in Afghanistan (source: United Nations Department of Safety and Security), and in order to build a strong foundation for 2012, Jeremy launched the Global Truce campaign that involved the creation of a series of Peace One Day coalitions, each with a lead partner: the NGO Coalition; the ‘Reducing Domestic Violence’ Coalition; the Student Coalition; and the Schools’ Network.
Through detailed analysis conducted with the support of McKinsey & Company, the Peace One Day 2012 report found that, across the world, approximately 280 million people in 198 countries were aware of Peace Day 2012 – 4% of the world’s population. The report further estimates that approximately 2% of those people (5.6 million) behaved more peacefully as a result.
Peace One Day expects to double those figures for 2013, creating a solid foundation for informing 3 billion people about Peace Day by 2016. In 2013, through our own initiatives and collaborations with various parties, Peace One Day will set out to encourage organisations and individuals take specific actions to reduce violence around the theme: Who Will You Make Peace With?
Peace One Day is impartial and independent of any government, political persuasion, corporation or religious creed. Through a multi-platform approach, Peace One Day utilises different tools to raise awareness, advocate for Peace Day and engage the global community in its broad observance.
Statistical Notes On The 9000
French Civilians : 3000
Allies : 4414
German : 2000
‘As many French people died on D-Day as did allied soldiers — around 3,000, most from their liberators’ bombs and shells. In the course of the campaign, 20,000 civilians perished.’
Max Hastings review of D-Day: The Battle for Normandy by Antony Beevor as it appeared in THE Sunday Times, May 31, 2009
Arromanches Office of Tourism state that over the period of the battle of Normandy 45 000 civilians were killed.
‘However recent painstaking research by the US National D-Day Memorial Foundation has achieved a more accurate – and much higher – figure for the Allied personnel who were killed on D-Day. They have recorded the names of individual Allied personnel killed on 6 June 1944 in Operation Overlord, and so far they have verified 2499 American D-Day fatalities and 1915 from the other Allied nations, a total of 4414 dead (much higher than the traditional figure of 2500 dead). ‘
Source: Portsmouth Museums and Records
‘The total German casualties on D-Day are not known, but are estimated as being between 4000 and 9000 men.’
Source: Portsmouth Museums and Records
The total German casualties on D-Day are not known, but are estimated as being between 4000 and 9000 men. On Day it is generally accepted that the ratio of causualties to fatalities suffered by the allies was in a ratio of approximately 2:1. Assuming a similar ratio for the Germans then a conservative number of German fatalities might be 6,500. Dividing this number by 3 gives us a very approximately total of 2000 fatalities.